Sprained ankle / strained ankle

In case of a strained ankle or ankle strain, the ligaments of the ankle are overstretched. The ligaments stabilize the ankle and make a certain range of motion possible. In case of a sprained ankle or ankle sprain, these ligaments tear and cannot stabilize the ankle anymore. The transition from a sprained ankle to strained ankle is fluent. Different symptoms can emerge when suffering from ankle sprain or ankle strain.

Symptoms sprained ankle / ankle sprain / strained ankle / ankle strain

Symptoms of a sprained ankle in comparison to a strained ankle are quite similar. Ankle injury can cause a big swelling around the ankle together with reddening, swellings or, especially given ankle sprain, effusions. Ankle pain and around the ankle can occur. The ankle may also be very sensitive to pressure and hurt while standing, walking or turning the foot. Instability of the ankle is also possibleso that the foot twists inwards or outwards.

Symptoms of ankle sprain and ankle strain in short:

  • pain in and around the ankle
  • ankle is sensitive to pressure
  • pain while standing, walking or turning the foot
  • unstable ankle – inwards or outwards twist of the ankle
  • swelling, reddening, effusion (especially in case of ankle sprain)

Causes sprained ankle / ankle sprain / strained ankle / ankle strain

The sprained ankle or strained ankle is most commonly caused by twisting the foot or ankle inwards or outwards. Sometimes affected patients may also twist very slightly without noticing it much at first. Overstretching or tearing of the ankle ligaments may especially happen during very ankle-intensive sports activities like football, soccer, basketball or squash. The causes here are often quick and stop-and-go movements, turns or uneven ground. Besides these causes, there are also genetic factors like congenital softness or weakness of ligaments or malposition of the feet.

Diagnostics sprained ankle / ankle sprain / strained ankle / ankle strain

In case of an assumed ankle sprain or ankle strain, a comprehensive orthopedic examination is carried out often accompanied by imaging procedures like X-raying or MRI. The best method to differentiate between different injuries is MRIMRI enables us to visualize very different structures during one examination like muscles, ligaments, tendons, cartilage and bones. If it is necessary, we do also apply a well-tolerated contrast agent to improve the visibility of certain structures.

All examinations can be carried out at Beta Klinik. Read more about our diagnostics

Therapy sprained ankle / ankle sprain / strained ankle / ankle strain

Generally, a strained ankle is treated conservatively with immobilization, cooling and putting the feet up, bandages as well as physiotherapy and physiotherapy and strengthening of the muscles of foot and leg to regenerate stability, mobility and strength. If necessary, special bandages or ortheses may help stabilize the ankle joint.

The sprained ankle is often treated like the strained ankle because ligaments may often recover. But the foot is immobilized for several weeks and patients have to wear a splint or orthesis to grant stability. If all 3 ligaments tear that prevent the ankle from twisting outwards, or if the affected persons do still suffer from an unstable ankle joint, surgery may be indicated.

At Beta Klinik, we perform a minimally invasive surgery to stabilize the ligaments by using a body’s own tendon taking over the function of the ligaments.

After ankle surgery, physiotherapy and strengthening of the muscles of foot and leg should follow in order to improve strength and range of motion.

Read more about minimally invasive ankle surgery as a treatment of ankle sprain / a sprained ankle