Causes in need of treatment are, for example:
- meniscus tear / meniscus rupture
- meniscal entrapment / trapped meniscus
- knee arthritis / knee osteoarthritis
- luxating patella / patella dislocation / kneecap dislocation
- anterior cruciate ligament injury / ACL tear / cruciate ligament rupture
- knee instability / unstable knee
The following spinal diseases can also generate knee pain:
Further symptoms in addition to knee pain
Pain can be superficial, within the knee, spread into legs and feet and can be characterized subject to the injury as continuous pain, movement pain or pressure pain. These pain types may entail restricted range of motion, knee instability, but also paresthesia or numbness in case of nerve damage.
Diagnostics knee pain
Because knee pain can have many causes, it is crucial to carry out a comprehensive neurological-orthopedic examination comprising a talk about the history of illness, a thorough examination and further investigation by means of imaging procedures like MRI or X-raying.
The best method to differentiate between different injuries is MRI. MRI enables us to visualize very different structures during one examination like muscles, ligaments, tendons, cartilage and bones. If it is necessary, we do also apply a well-tolerated contrast agent to improve the visibility of certain structures.
In some cases, it may be necessary to perform a knee arthroscopy, during which an endoscope is inserted through small incisions to visualize the different structures of the knee enlarged. If indicated, a subsequent arthroscopic surgery is possible directly after the examination.
Therapy knee pain
Treatment of knee pain is subject to the knee injury. The therapeutic range encompasses painkilling and anti-inflammatory drugs, immobilization, physiotherapy and strengthening of muscles, corticoid injections, but also arthroscopic surgery of the knee or knee replacement surgery, or microscopic and endoscopic surgery of the spine in case of spinal diseases.