The optimal treatment of cancer/malignant tumors requires a concept that is oftentimes developed and coordinated by several specialists of different medical departments. This is called interdisciplinary therapy. Internal medicine oncologists are the coordinators of these therapeutic concepts, who bring those specialists in. It is crucial to define the aim of cancer treatment, which often means to evaluate if a specific kind of cancer is curable or not. The therapy is chosen accordingly either to cure malignant tumors or to help people live with them as well as possible.
Many malignant tumors necessitate different combinations of treatment. The most important are:
- radiation therapy
- hormone therapy (in case of hormone-sensitive cancer)
- “targeted” substances as medication alternative or addition to chemotherapy
- special procedures like locally efficacious, minimally invasive treatments, e.g., vertebroplasty
- symptomatic and supportive therapies