By carrying out an electrophysiological examination, we can detect functional disorders of the nervous system. Normally, we measure the electrical signal processing of nerve and muscle cells during an electrophysiological examination and compare the results with results of healthy patients. We differentiate between nerve cells mainly receiving signals and passing them on (sensory nerve cells) and those that help coordinate an action like the contraction of a muscle (motor nerve cells). Electrophysiological examinations make it possible to investigate if the signal processing of sensory nerve cells (e.g., touching the skin) or motor nerve cells (e.g., contracting a muscle) is disturbed. Generally, the electrical signaling is measured on head, nerves or muscles.
The carpal tunnel syndrome, for instance, can slow down the nerve conduction velocity due to a pressure damage of a nerve innervating the hand. But also pathological changes due to tumors or inflammations of the hearing nerve, for example, can be tracked with electrophysiological procedures.
Beta Klinik employs the most important neurological-electrophysiological examination procedures, which makes comprehensive diagnostics possible:
- EEG diagnostics
- nerve conduction velocity (NCV)
- electromyography (EMG)
- evoked potentials
- electrophysiological examination during surgery
- accompanying internist diagnostics (ECG, long-term ECG, exercise ECG, ultrasound examination)