Symptoms Parkinson’s disease / PD
The typical movement-related symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are shaking (tremor), rigidity of the muscles, slowness of movement (Bradykinesia) and an instability related to hold a posture or balance (postural instability). PD symptoms often start in one half of the body and may become more frequently or more intense over the years.
A slight trembling may become strong shaking, a simple stiffness of the muscles a strong rigidity, a slowness of movements a complete standstill and the initial problems to hold a posture an instability of the body necessitating a wheel chair.
The slowness of movement does also affect facial expressions, talking, swallowing and especially moving the hands, fine motor skills in general (e.g., writing) but also walking. In case of muscular rigidity, the muscles tone is increased without wanting to contract a muscle. As a consequence, muscle pain, tension and false posture may occur. The shaking is quite calmly and slowly if, for example, arms or hands are in their starting position. If PD patients then start to move them, the shaking increases significantly. Postural instability may begin with minor balance-related problems while standing or walking but may also make turning around or changes of the directions impossible or even cause the person to fall.
Besides these typical movement-related symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, further symptoms like paresthesia, bladder or gastrointestinal disorder, sexual dysfunction, mood swing, depression or sleep disorders may also emerge.
Symptoms of Parkinson’s disease in short:
- initial symptoms often in only one side of the body
- shaking (tremor)
- muscle rigidity
- slowness of movements (Bradykinesia)
- instability related to hold a posture or balance (postural instability)
- further symptoms like paresthesia, bladder or gastrointestinal disorder, sexual dysfunction, mood swing, depression or sleep disorders